Ranked #1 of 19 attractions in Luster Municipality
Category: Geologic Formations
Stretching 204 km (120 miles) from Solund at the coast to the mighty Jotunheimen massif and Jostedalsbreen glacier,...
Stretching 204 km (120 miles) from Solund at the coast to the mighty Jotunheimen massif and Jostedalsbreen glacier, Sognefjorden is the longest fjord in Norway. The Sognefjord has a maximum depth of 1308 metres (4300 feet), and is Norway’s deepest fjord. You can choose between different boat trips to experience the beauty of the fjords all year round. At the mouth of the fjord the climate is maritime, whereas the innermost parts of the fjord have a much drier inland climate. Because of the contact with the warm ocean water of the Gulf Stream, the main fjord never freezes to ice. The Sognefjord has several distinctive fjord arms winding their way between steep mountains to end in small, picturesque villages. One of them is the world-famous Naeroyfjord, which has now been included on UNESCO's World Heritage List. This is the most narrow fjord arm. The innermost fjord arm is the Lusterfjord, and this fjord has a beautiful green colour because of the meltwater from the glaciers. Some places along the Sognefjord the difference in altitude between the highest mountain peak and the lowest point in the fjord is about 3000 metres (9800 feet). Fjords represent a unique landscape that is found in only a few places in the world. A common definition of a fjord is a long and narrow inlet of sea often surrounded by high and steep mountainsides. Some 20 000 years ago the fjord was shaped and formed by glacial ice in river valleys.