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Stop At: Berlengas Natural Reserve, Berlengas, Portugal
Berlenga Island is about 7 miles from Peniche Port, with a maximum length and width of 1500 and 800 meters respectively, a perimeter of 4000 meters, 88 meters maximum altitude and -30 min.
These islands were traditionally known to British mariners as "The Burling's". The only habitable island is the largest island, Berlenga Grande, although there is no permanent habitation there at present. The other islands are grouped into two groups of islets, the Estelas Islets and the Farilhões-Forcados Islets.
Area of high botanical interest with various endemism and species of restricted distribution. Nesting site for some species of seabirds (case of Airo Uria aalge, Reserve symbol) and crossing point for numerous migratory species. Marine Reserve of great faunal richness, namely ichthyological.
Human occupation on Berlenga Grande dates back to antiquity: the islands are referred to in Ptolemy's Geography as Λονδοβρίς (Londobris).
Much later it was referred to as the island of Saturno by Roman geographers and was visited successively by Muslims, Vikings and pirates/privateers from England and France.
In 1513, with the support of Queen Eleanor of Viseu, monks from the Order of São Jerónimo established a settlement on the island to offer assistance to navigation and victims of frequent shipwrecks. The monastery founded there (the Monastery of the Misericórdia da Berlenga), remained until the 16th century, when disease, lack of communication (due to constant inclement weather) and regular assaults by pirates and privateers (from England and France), forced the monks to abandon their service on the island.
After the Portuguese Restoration War, during the reign of King John IV, the Council of War determined that the demolition of the monastery ruins and the use of their rocks to build a coastal defence would help protect the coastal settlements; the Fort of São João Baptista das Berlengas was constructed from the remnants of the monastery ruins. By 1655, it had already, during its construction, resisted an assault by three Barbary coast pirates.[clarification needed]
The island's lighthouse (dubbed Duke of Braganza by locals) was constructed in 1841. In the 20th century, a solar panel was installed in the lighthouse's 29 metres (95 ft) column, providing a 50 kilometres (31 mi) field of vision.
The Berlengas Archipelago is an area protected by legislation, integrated into Nature Reserves by the Institute for Nature Conservation and Forests (ICNF) and UNESCO Biosphere Reserve since 2011.
Duration: 4 hours
Stop At: Baleal Beach, Avenida da Praia, Peniche 2520-559 Portugal
Baleal is a small peninsula (formerly island) located north of Peniche, in the western region of Portugal, separated from the mainland by a tomb, forming a beach of fine white sand. In the continuity of the cove, there is also the islet of Pombas and the islet of Fora.
Baleal has inherited this denomination from the role these rocks played in the past as a whaling site.
Inserted in the municipality of Peniche, Baleal has become a summer resort with a potential for water sports. Due to its peninsula-like shape, on the north side of the narrow tongue of sand that connects the Baleal Point to the mainland, those on the beach can be both back and front and to the sea. Crossed by the only access road to the town, it has nice bars and restaurants with a terrace, a great alternative for colder days. Sea is a little dangerous and windy in Winter. On the south side, the sea is calmer and the wind is milder, especially in Summer.
Duration: 1 hour