Memorial De L'Independance

Memorial De L'Independance, Gonaives: Address, Memorial De L'Independance Review: 3/5

Memorial De L'Independance
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Very good

Andrew M
7,144 contributions
Museum of Independence
Jan. 2020
The Independence memorial is located at the intersection of Rue Liberte and Rue Louverture. It is a historical site, and also a museum of independence. I attempted to visit on a Sunday morning and was very disappointed to find that the building was closed. There were no signs indicating opening hours. The exterior of the building was in need of maintenance, but the UFO shaped top of the monument is a great photo op. I was able to take a photo of the ancient canon from the entrance on Rue Louverture. The main entrance is on Rue Liberte, and above the entrance are the words "Independence Memorial". The entrance fee is 25 gourdes.

The museum was constructed at this historic site by Sténio Vincent in 1939. The building was in bad condition after the floods which devastated the city between 2004-2008. Rehabilitation was carried out in 2016 to recognise the 210th anniversary of the death of Jean Jaques Dessalines. This site is said to be where the act of Independence was signed on 1 January 1804, declaring Haiti free, and the first black republic in the world. There is a stele in the center of the building which recognises this fact. The stele has an inscription stating, "Here were written and signed the acts of national independence of Haiti".

There used to be an older building on the site, which was constructed in 1904 to recognise the centenary of Haiti;s independence. The museum has facts on the battles for independence, and highlights the main heroes. It is also said to house exhibits of Mathieu Painvier, who is a famous local artist and cinematographer. This museum is a must visit if you are interested in the history of Haiti;s battle for independence. Other independence themed sights in town include Bottle Park, which was the site of Boisrond-Tonnerre's house. Boisrond-Tonnerre was the secretary of dessalines, and penned the declaration of independence. The Place d'armes has the "monument to the natives" which includes a Dessalines sculpture, and the nearby Cathedrale du Souvenir. is dedicated to the independence struggle. Another interesting museum dedicated to Toussaint Louverture can be visited in Ennery, 30 km north west of town, which is the birthplace of Toussaint Louverture.
Written January 30, 2020
This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and not of Tripadvisor LLC.
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