Lima, the capital of Peru, is a city on the Pacific coast of almost 8.5 million inhabitants, making it one of the largest cities in the world today.
The city was originally settled by the Spanish conquistadors and was founded by Francisco Pizarro. Over a third of Peruvians live in Lima and two thirds of the country’s economy is generated from the city.
Popular attractions include the Plaza de Armas, the Art Museum, the Church of San Francisco and the San Critóbal Hill. The Plaza de Armas is a square in the centre of the city housing the Presidential Palace, the Archbishop’s Palace, City Hall and many small businesses.
The main airport serving Lima is Jorge Chávez International Airport (Airport code LIM), just over ten kilometres outside of the centre of Lima. TACA Perú and LAN Perú fly to and from the most destinations of out of the 22 airlines that fly regularly scheduled routes from Lima. Air Europa, Iberia, and KLM offer service to European cities (Madrid and Amsterdam), although most of the flights out of Jorge Chávez International Airport serve North or South American cities.
LAN Perú flies the most frequently into or out of Lima, followed by LAN Airlines, TAM Linhas Aereas, American, and US Airways.
Lima can also be reached from domestic and international destinations by bus service. Around eight or ten major bus companies serve the city.