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Berlin Sightseeing - Top 10 Highlights

Reichstag, Brandenburg Gate, Soviet + Holocaust Memorial, Führer Bunker, the Wall, Checkpoint Charlie, Jewish Museum...
Rating: 5 out of 5 by EveryTrail members
Difficulty: Easy
Length: 2.7 miles
Duration: 1-3 hours

Overview :  Berlin - the hotspot of the twentieth century.
From the Third Reich, over the divided city and the cold war to the fall of the Berlin ... more »

Tips:  How to get there?
The starting point is almost next to the U Bahn Station: Bundestag. But also the central station (Hauptbahnhof) and... more »

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Points of Interest

1. Chancellery (Bundeskanzleramt)

The German Chancellery (German: Bundeskanzleramt) is the executive office of the Chancellor, the head of the government. The current Chancellor of Germany is Angela Merkel, who was elected in November 2005.
The building, opened in spring 2001, was designed by the Berlin architects Charlotte Frank and Axel Schultes in an essentially postmodern... More

The Reichstag was built to the plans of the architect Paul Wallot from 1884 to 1894 in the style of the Italian high renaissance. It served as seat of parliament in the Kaiserreich and the Weimarer Republic. A fire in 1933 destroyed the the plenary chamber. The circumstances are still unclear. Whether it was an accident or on purpose by National... More

The first Soviet war memorial in Berlin was erected in november 1945. It is located precisely at the point where Albert Speer (main architect of the Third Reich) planned the cross of two axes. The east-west axe you see here starts at the Brandenburg Gate and continues the other way behind the victory column. It is around 6,5 miles (10km) long. Due... More

The Brandenburg Gate - the representative entrance to the historical part of Berlin. A sandstone construction erected from 1788 - 1791 to the plans of the architect Carl Gotthard Langhans. Crowned in 1794 by the sculpture quadriga and the goddess of victory which were created by Johann Gottfried Shadow.
When the GDR set up the wall in 1961 the... More

1999 the German Bundestag passed a resolution to build a »Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe«. The Memorial consists of the field of 2711 stelae and the information centre underneath. It was built after the design of the architect Peter Eisenman and is open to the public since may, 2005.
The Memorial, is located where from 1961 to 1989 the ... More

6. Führer Bunker

There is just a hint to the location of the Führer Bunker. You will find an information board with a map of the ground floor of the bunker. It was here 12 meters below ground level, side walls and ceiling were 4 meters thick. The bunker was the last command centre of the Third Reich. 30rd of april, 1945 Adolf Hitler committed here suicide together... More

This is an original watchtower (Typ BT 11) as part of the former border construction of East Germany. It was used by the border troops to monitor the border of East Germany. More information you will get at the next POI, The Wall.

With the establishment of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in 1949, a new political and economic system was set up. A start of a dictatorship with the result of a mass migration to the West. From 1949 to 1961 East Germany had lost a sixth of its population. To stop the migration the GDR decided to close the last loop hole of the border with... More

Between 1933 and 1945, the central institutions of Nazi persecution and terror were located on the grounds of the present-day “Topography of Terror.” Since 1987, the permanent exhibition “Topography of Terror” has informed the public about this historic site. The new Documentation Center and the redesigned historic grounds are opened since May,... More

The Checkpoint Charlie was between 1945 and 1989 the most well known checkpoint in Berlin. The checkpoint was one of three controlled by the USA. Named after the spell order C for Charlie. The checkpoint was in use for foreigners and diplomats, the allied forces and their relatives. Germans from West Germany and West Berlin used mainly the... More

11. Memorial to Peter Fechter

Peter Fechter became one of the first victims of the Berlin Wall. While trying to escape he got shot by the border guards of the GDR. It happened on august, 17th, 1962, in the neighborhood of the Checkpoint Charlie.
Together with his friend Helmut Kulbeik, he had the idea to jump out of a window of a building into the death-strip, run across it... More

The official name of the project is 'Jewish Museum' but I have named it 'Between the Lines' because for me it is about two lines of thinking, organization and relationship. One is a straight line, but broken into many fragments, the other is a tortuous line, but continuing indefinitely." (Daniel Libeskind, 1998)
The new building of the Jewish... More