The Church of Santa Barbara was built over an old Roman palace as a Mudejar building at first, but later it became the first Neoclassic church built in Andalusia. The architect came from Cordoba and was called Ignacio Tomas. There was a tower that was destroyed by a lightning bolt in 1892. This is interesting because Santa Barbara was the saint who was prayed to when one wanted to be saved from lightning. The right nave has an altarpiece in the Neoclassic style and there are sculptures of St. Joseph and St. Peter. The main altar has the image of Santa Barbara and was made by the sculptor Pedro Roldan and restored in the 18th century. The left nave has an altarpiece dedicated to St. Paul, another patron saint of the city. This was sculpted by Salvador Gomez de Navaja, a native of Ecija, in 1575. In the Sacramental Chapel, there is an altarpiece that has the image of Jesus without rope, sculpted by Montes de Oca, an 18th century artist from Sevilla. This image is used in the Good Friday processions. This church has the best choir in Ecija and was made in 1762 in mahogany, with medallions and reliefs of the apostles and the evangelists and is in the Rococo style.
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