The original settlers of Algarve were the Conii, a native group of people believed to be of Celtic background although their exact history is unknown.  They settled in the area sometime in the BC, probably around the sixth century BC, and though not much is known about them, their remnants remain in the area.

The next mention of Algarve in the history books happens in approximately the fifth century AD. when the Visigoths moved un to the area.  The Visigoths were a Germanic population who remained in the area until the eight century.  At that time, the Moors came in and drove the Visigoths out of Algarve, making it a center of the Christian religion.

The Moors maintained control of Algarve until the twelfth century, at the end of which the Portuguese finally came to control the area.  The Portuguese maintained this control until the end of the sixteenth century.  At that time, locals in Algarve established their independence.  From then until the beginning of the nineteenth century, Algarve was its own country, ruled by its own system of government, although it was closely tied to the monarchy of Portugal.

It was in the middle of the nineteenth century that Algarve began catering to tourists.  Tourists come mainly from Britain, Holland and Germany.  However, as awareness of the area has increased, so has tourism from all over the world.  Travelers interested in learning more about the history of the area might consider checking out the books on the recommended reading list at .