Norwegian is closely related to Danish and Swedish (while totally unrelated to Finnish), written Norwegian is virtually identical to Danish, whereas Swedes and Norwegians understand each other very easy. Norwegian is also related to German, Dutch and English. English is widely spoken in Norway, and virtually every Norwegian can speak or understand a minimum English.Tourist information is usually printed in several languages.

Because English and Norwegian are closely related, a large number of  basic and everyday words can be well understood if some creativity is added, examples:

English - Norwegian (with alternate spelling)

bread - brød
milk - melk/mjølk
coffee - kaffe/kaffi
tea - te
open - åpen/open
door - dør
house - hus
rain - regn
car (automobil) - bil
bicycle - sykkel
window - vindu

Other useful words, English - Norwegian

Thank you/thanks - takk
Please - vær så snill
good morning - god dag/god morgen
good night - god natt
good bye - hade (ha det bra)
police - politi
yes - ja
no - nei
entrance - inngang
exit - utgang
tram - trikk
metro/subway/underground - T-bane/undergrunn
airplane - fly
train - tog
bus - buss
sick/ill - syk
emergency room/ward - legevakt
pharmacy - apotek
dentist - tannlege
luggage - baggasje
cell phone - mobiltelefon
backpack - ryggsekk

"False friends" - Norwegian words (left hand side) that can be confused, English translation shown right-hand

rar = strange, unusual
sjelden = rare
gate = street
port = gate
havn = port, harbour
morgen = early morning 
fabrikk = factory
fly = airplane
dress = suit (men's)
kjole = dress (women's)
smoking = black tie, tuxedo/dinner jacket
prikk = dot
butikk = shop, store (like grocery store)
matbutikk = food store
korn = seeds/grain/cereal from wheat, barely, rye, oats
mais = corn ( US), maize
time = hour
tid = time
tidevann = tide
storm = strong wind (below hurricane on the scale)