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Norwegian is closely related to Danish and Swedish (while totally unrelated to Finnish), written Norwegian is virtually identical to Danish, whereas Swedes and Norwegians understand each other very easy. Norwegian is also related to German, Dutch and English. English is widely spoken in Norway, and virtually every Norwegian can speak or understand a minimum English.Tourist information is usually printed in several languages.
Because English and Norwegian are closely related, a large number of basic and everyday words can be well understood if some creativity is added, examples:
English - Norwegian (with alternate spelling)
bread - brød milk - melk/mjølk coffee - kaffe/kaffi tea - te open - åpen/open door - dør house - hus rain - regn car (automobil) - bil bicycle - sykkel window - vindu
Other useful words, English - Norwegian
Thank you/thanks - takk Please - vær så snill good morning - god dag/god morgen good night - god natt good bye - hade (ha det bra) police - politi yes - ja no - nei entrance - inngang exit - utgang tram - trikk metro/subway/underground - T-bane/undergrunn airplane - fly train - tog bus - buss sick/ill - syk emergency room/ward - legevakt pharmacy - apotek dentist - tannlege luggage - baggasje cell phone - mobiltelefon backpack - ryggsekk
"False friends" - Norwegian words (left hand side) that can be confused, English translation shown right-hand
rar = strange, unusual sjelden = rare gate = street port = gate havn = port, harbour morgen = early morning fabrikk = factory fly = airplane dress = suit (men's) kjole = dress (women's) smoking = black tie, tuxedo/dinner jacket prikk = dot butikk = shop, store (like grocery store) matbutikk = food store korn = seeds/grain/cereal from wheat, barely, rye, oats mais = corn ( US), maize time = hour tid = time tidevann = tide storm = strong wind (below hurricane on the scale)