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Amman was designed on 7 hills, called jabals, each with its own neighorhood, that spawn centers of activity in various circles. The city itself stretches 10 miles.
Amman’s architecture is fascinating because it is a treasure trove of historical artifacts. Since Amman has such a robust history, the city's modern buildings blend with the remnants of ancient civilizations. A number of historic sites from the Stone Age to the Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Islamic eras sprinkle the city grounds. The government is making many efforts to preserve the historical areas of downtown Amman which has many historical ruins and Jebel Amman, one of the first areas in Amman to be settled
Visitors can step into the church Sweifieh, in order to get an idea of Byzantine architecture. Discovered in 1970, this church has an incredible delicate and colorful mosaic floor. In addition to churches, Amman contains many beautiful, ornate mosques. The
King Abdullah Mosque
was built recently in the 1980s, in a mammoth style to fit up to 3,000 muslims prayers. Located to the north-west of the Citadel, this mosque is easy to spot due to its bright blue mosaic dome.
Another interesting mosque to visit is the
Abu Darwish Mosque
, which has an unique black-and-white checkered pattern.
Another famous architectural site in Amman is the famed Citadel, which is the central landmark in the city, near the Roman theatre. In Western Amman, the Palace of Culture has a proud cultural design, built to resemble a Bedouin tent.
Amman has been nicknamed “the White City” because the majority of modern builds are made of white Jordanian limestone as dictated by municipal law. Thus, it is a mixture of modern and traditional, where the hills host a lego-like scattered arrangement of homes and the downtown is packed with modern stores, souqs, hotels and restaurants.