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During a period North-east of Brasil were ilegally colonizated by ducthes & in Rio by french
Brazil got its name from a tree which is red inside like a flame (flame:braza - brazil). Today the tree is protected by federal laws.The portugueses starts the extraction of the trees all over litoral for to sold in Europe. This period as known as first extraction era. Salvador became the first capital of the new Portuguese colony. Portuguese's settlers started to produce sugar and the northeast of Brazil became a wealthy corner of the world. During that time, Portugal started a forced dislocation of millions of africans to the new world for works as slaves. They also started a form of territorial administration known as Hereditary Captaincy. The system of inheritance was extinguished by the Marquis of Pombal in 1759.
The second extraction era was gold, during mostly all XVIII century. It makes Vila Rica (Ouro Preto's former name) became one of the most important cities in the world with Rococo, a genre of Barroco style, financed by the gold exploraction. The Inconfidência Mineira of 1789 was a Brazilian independence movement. It was affected by the movement of the thirteen nort east colonies in North America independence, a in particularly, very impressedin the intellectual elite living in the captaincy of Minas Gerais.
1808 Portugal was made to be invaded by Napoleon forces. In deed, in follow year the Iberian Wars destroyed both Portugal & Spain.The Portugese royal family and government were relocate to Brazil under British protection. They made Rio de Janeiro the capital of Brasil & Portuguese colonies overseas. Dom Joao open the ports for all friendly Nations. Brazil make intense marked with England. He also creates the Botanic Garden & Banco do Brasil.
1821 king Don Joao IV returns to Lisbon, leaving his son, Dom Pedro1 (Dom Pedro VI in Portugal) as regent. In the follow year Dom Pedro1 leads a campaign for independence, first recognized by North Americans in the same year.
1823 Dom Pedro1 signs the Constitution of Brazil, based on principles of French Revolution. 1831 Dom Pedro travel back to Portugal, left Brazil be governed by Ministers til Dom Pedro II, the only royal born in American soil, 1940 get enough prepared for the post. During the his imperial era, many Germans, Austrians & Italians families immigrated to Brazil running way from the poverty & in-salubrity of the life in Europe. Some of then worked in the coffee plantations replacing the slavery which was in decline. Most of these Europeans immigrants came also with know how to industry. They started the industrialization in South east & south of Brazil.
1888 Princess Isabel, the first in succession of the Emperor Dom Pedro II, signs the Lei Aurea, abolishing the slavery in Brazil for all.
1889 Dom Pedro II is overthrown and a republic is introduced by Marshall Deodoro da Fonseca.
1930 Getulio Vargas elected president by universal suffrage. 1936 a famous writer Monteiro Lobato campaigned against the president in Sao Paulo, with book editions, for alert the population about the magnificent benefits to Petroleum exploration. Mintier Lobato wins in the culture industry & the petrol adventure started. Getulio holds power until 1954 when he suicide in the president palace in Rio de Janeiro. He was twice elected president.
1960 Juscelino Kubitschek made Brasília, the capital in the center of Brazil. Designed by Lucio Costa, Oscar Niemeyer & Burle Marx. Bossa Nova sound made a huge success's world wide contemplates jazz, Debussy & Samba, naturally.
The left winger Joao Goulart in 1964 was forced to retire by a "coup d'etat" leaded by military forces. Those men rule Brazil for 2 decades with despicable methods left the Union in bad conditions. 1980 under the pressure by civilians, the government gave amnesty for political prisoners. Brazilians soup opera is sold to all countries in the red block.
1985 Tancredo Neves becomes the first civilian president in 21 years, although he dies before taking office. deputy Jose Sarney takes over, and successfully negotiates the tricky transition between military and public rule. 1989 elections were held. The untrained Brazilians vote for the first time in 30 years for the president. The conservative Fernando Collor de Mello wins. 1994 Fernando Henrique Cardoso becomes president for 2 terms, and spends most of his time fire fighting the economy to stop it's downward spiral. 2002 the people elects Luis Inacio da Silva (known as ‘Lula’) a left wing trade unionist.